A ilusão do Estado como alternativa ao Capitalismo

O dilema em que o Estado Argentino se encontra, aqui muito bem descrito, e que resulta de ter recusado pagar em 2001 a dívida em que tinha incorrido, ilustra os constrangimentos hoje existentes sobre os Estados que tentam simultaneamente tornar-se mais independentes do sistema financeiro global e manter uma estrutura de produção (essencialmente) capitalista. Venezuela e Equador são exemplos semelhantes. Daqui decorre que, todos aqueles que sugerem, em resposta às imposições das estruturas capitalistas globais, re-constituir a independência (aka. soberania) do Estado perante tais estruturas, mas sem implementar ao mesmo tempo um sistema de produção alternativo ao Capitalismo, nada mais prometem que ilusões.

  "The second and closely related lesson is perhaps more depressing, and concerns the complicated ways in which the global capitalist power structure — and the financial power structure in particular — manages over time to recode, co-opt and neutralize almost all forms of “state activism” against neoliberal orthodoxy, including progressive and leftist strategies for national self-determination and popular empowerment in Latin America. Argentina’s default of 2001 marked a partial victory for the country’s powerful grassroots movements, but subsequent developments have witnessed the re-emergence of the traditional Peronist elite, the re-entrenchment of the national bourgeoisie, and now the gradual re-integration of the country into global capital markets. As the government increasingly normalizes its relations with its foreign creditors, the disciplinary pressures of global finance will make themselves felt anew — and it is not unlikely that the government will soon find itself re-internalizing the neoliberal orthodoxy that was supposedly thrown out with the 2001 default.

Argentina is far from alone in this respect. A similar pattern is unfolding in Ecuador — the only country to have followed in Argentina’s footsteps by imposing a unilateral moratorium on its foreign private creditors in 2008. After years of railing against the global usurers, President Correa is now seeking to normalize relations with foreign investors and the World Bank, drawing the ire of his former political ally Alberto Acosta — now a prominent opposition figure on the left — who recently remarked that “revolutionary and anti-imperialist discourses rapidly dissipate faced with a proposal to modernize capitalism,” lamenting that “this regressive wave takes on more and more indelible hues, as over-indebtedness — as shown by history — will demand increasing expansion of extractive frontiers at all levels, and overpower the need to end dependency and construct authentic economic sovereignty.”

0 comentários: