Background do protesto em Wukan, China

O blogue Rekolektiv publicou o que alega ser uma resenha dos acontecimentos, desde 1993, que levaram à actual revolta na aldeia de Wukan.

Note-se que este resumo se baseia num artigo em chinês e num video amador falado, acho, em cantonês (e penso que anónimo),  pelo que não é possivel confirmar o que eles dizem.

No entanto, mesmo com essas reservas, publico aqui a versão deles (ficando os leitores desde já avisados que isto vale o que vale):

1993: Wukan Hong Kong Industrial Development Co., Ltd. is established; The Wukan government begins selling village land.

April 3rd, 2009: A leaflet appears in Wukan village entitled, “A letter to fellow townsfolk of Wukan — We’re not ‘Dead Village Slaves.’” More village land is sold, the village government alters the elections as the majority of the villagers discuss the issue of the leaflet.

April 3rd, 2009: More than 20 young people from Wukan travel to petition Guangdong provincial government leaders, soon arriving in Guangzhou’s Zhongshan Park to plan the formation of the “Wukan Hotblooded Youth Group.” The group members go on to petition eleven provincial, city, county-level city, and small-town governments.

March 14th, 2011: Five Wukan village representatives take their sixth petition to the Guangdong Provincial Complaints Bureau, then decides to send a specific delegate to seek audience for the purpose of developing collective representation.

September 21st, 2011: Three thousand villagers gather in Wukan (a coastal town on the East China Sea in Lufeng County, Shanwei Prefecture, Guangdong Province) to discuss a series of problematic incidents in the area. They collectively petition the Lufeng County Government, inquiring about arrangements regarding Jade Laurel Garden (Bi Gui Yuan). As they return home, a group of villagers numbering around a dozen smash a group of Jade Laurel Garden workers’ dormitories and some materials belonging to the Tranquil Industrial Park (Tai Gongye Yuan). That evening three youths from Wukan are arrested by the local police.

September 22nd, 2011: Wukan villagers convene a village committee to confront the problems, but the local police arrive and intervene. Soon afterwards, three to four hundred municipal police enter Wukan. A clash between the police and the people breaks out around Jin Gang street and Xinhua Fourth Road, causing over 10 people to be heavily injured and resulting in 12 police and government vehicles damaged or even flipped.

September 23rd, 2011: Thirteen self-appointed village delegates have discussions with city government officials. The government promises to abolish the villagers’ debt, return land, and to elect three special groups to enter the village and conduct an investigation.

September 28th, 2011: The Wukan village committee organizes elected representatives to go to the National People’s Congress, the villagers call into question the [earlier] illegal elections.

November 11th, 2011: Four thousand villagers provide signatures and march to the Lufeng Municipal Government with their petition. Lufeng Mayor Qiu Jinxiong personally appears to address the demands and urges the protestors to return home.
Para os leitores que falam cantonês, deixo aqui o tal video de uma hora (note-se que eu não faço a mínima ideia do que lá diz, mas pode ser que até seja interessante):

O site ChinaGeeks também tem um dossier sobre o assunto:

- The Siege of Wukan
- The Siege of Wukan, Part II: Weibo Impressions
- The Siege of Wukan, Part III: Making Martyrs
- The Siege of Wukan, Part IV: Seeds of Siege

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