O estado de emergência em França (II)

France Cracks Down on Civil Liberties, Sometimes Exceeding US's Post-9/11 Response, por Anthony L. Fisher (Reason):
France's reaction to the terrorist attacks of two weeks ago, which left 130 dead, is playing out similarly to the US's response after the 9/11/01 attacks which left 2,977 dead, but in some ways goes even further.
France Goes to War on Civil Liberties, por (Mother Jones):
The rise of a police state in France may come as a surprise to Americans old enough to remember when France stood out as Europe's greatest critic of President George W. Bush's war on terror—a spat that peaked in 2003 when, in response to French opposition to the invasion of Iraq, the House of Representatives cafeteria rebranded its French fries "Freedom Fries." (...=


United States: The constitutional right to free speech in the United States remained in full effect in the aftermath of 9/11. Disturbing images of people jumping to their deaths from the World Trade Center led the front pages of newspapers around the country.

France: The state of emergency law authorizes the government to "control the press" by placing restrictions on everything from radio broadcasts to movies and plays. Just after the Paris attacks, the French police prevented journalists from interviewing witnesses. In the following days, France's Interior Ministry asked social media networks such as Twitter to censor photographs of the killings and to remove keywords and posts it deemed to be pro-ISIS. Under France's expansive hate speech laws, it is a crime to insult people based on their race, religion, or sex; to deny the Holocaust; or to advocate terrorism.
The expanded powers approved on Friday give police officers an increased capacity to block websites that "encourage" terrorism. But in extending the state of emergency, parliament removed the restrictions on journalists. Lawmakers are also reportedly considering a law that makes it easier to deport radical imams.


United States: The US Constitution guarantees "the right of people to peaceably assemble"—a right that was generally respected even after 9/11. However, a 2010 Supreme Court ruling upheld a federal law that makes it illegal to offer "material support," including training and expert advice, to US-designated terrorist groups. Courts have also allowed the police to curtail the assembly rights of criminal gangs using "gang injunctions."

France: The declared state of emergency allows French authorities to close any public meeting place, including public theaters. The expanded powers approved on Friday permit police to dissolve groups or associations they believe participate in, facilitate, or incite acts that are a threat to public order. Members of these groups can be placed under house arrest.

The government has invoked the state of emergency to cancel protests and marches that were planned to coincide with the COP21 climate conference.

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